It looks like the telecoms for the most part have been coerced into working with the authorities, but there is no doubt a fair amount of voluntary cooperation between the cops and the companies which provide the world’s communication infrastructure. Crony communication.
The conspiracy he revealed is vast. It involves former President George W. Bush, President Obama and their aides, a dozen or so members of Congress, federal judges, executives and technicians at American computer servers and telecoms, and the thousands of NSA employees and vendors who have manipulated their fellow conspirators. The conspirators all agreed that it would be a crime for any of them to reveal the conspiracy. Snowden violated that agreement in order to uphold his higher oath to defend the Constitution.